Steps of Lasik Surgery and Everything You Need to Know about this Procedure

This is information to help anyone know more about what to expect during a Lasik eye surgery procedure and to help decide if it right for you.

Basics of Lasik surgery

“Laser Assisted in Situ Keratomileusis” or Lasik is a treatment for farsightedness, near-sightedness as well as astigmatism. It currently is the most common type of laser surgery for the eye. During a Lasik procedure the reshaping of the cornea adjusts how the eye focuses. For example:

  • Flattening the cornea improves far vision;
  • Steepening the curve of the cornea improves near vision;
  • Smoothing out irregularities on the cornea treats astigmatism.

This eye procedure is done on an out-patient basis and usually only takes about 15 minutes. But, you will be at the office for your eye surgeon for anywhere from 1.5 to 2 hours.

STEP ONE – Lasik surgery procedure preparation

The preparation for this procedure includes the following:

  • Eye drops applied to numb the eye;
  • The Lasik surgeon might also give you medication for relaxation;
  • You will be seated in a surgical chair that reclines;
  • Your surgeon will gently prop open your eyelids using an instrument known as a “lid speculum”.

STEP TWO – Accessing the cornea

This next step of Lasik eye procedure is what makes your surgeon able to access the cornea.

  • There is a device used to stabilize the eye and you will normally feel slight pressure;
  • The surgeon then makes a very thin flap in the cornea, which is temporarily folded away;
  • Normally your vision will become blurred at this step.

STEP THREE – Cornea reshaping

  • Using the computer-controlled “excimer” laser, pulses of light are focused at the eye to reshape the cornea;
  • There will be the sensation of light pressure, but absolutely no pain. This equipment will make a sound of clicking.

During visits to the eye surgeon previously, you will have an in-depth eye examination to provide data about the specific shape as well as your cornea structure. The “excimer” laser is programmed using all this data, then will reshape the cornea with exact precision to improve your type of vision impairment.

STEP FOUR – Last step of Lasik eye procedure

The final step of a Lasik surgery is when the surgeon repositions the flap of the cornea. It will stay naturally in place and starts to heal within hours.

Lasik procedure recovery steps

After the Lasik eye surgery, the eye surgeon will once again examine your eyes. Then you will be sent home – but you will not be allowed to drive.

You might have feelings of some discomfort following surgery, such as an itching sensation, slight feeling of burning or more tears produced than normal. This is part of the process of healing and is just temporary. For most patients, vision is usually normal after 8 hours and then will continue to improve over time. In some cases, it may take several months before reaching the full vision extent.

Your Lasik surgeon will give you instructions very specific for eye care, rest, activity level, and follow-up. These instructions will be extremely important to the process of healing and the effectiveness of your surgery.

Further information

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